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https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/templates/general_wide/img/logo.png UKDFD Recording Software https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/ Iron Age https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age.html Scabbard Chape https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/miscellaneous/scabbard-chape-57448.html Tue, 20 Jun 2023 15:42:53 GMT Miscellaneous Scabbard Chape  
Description: A large sword scabbard chape dating to the Late Iron Age period. The chape is approximately half complete, once having two side arms that were bridged together at the top to create an ovoid open centre. The surviving arm part is decorated with two moulded transverse ridges below a flared terminal, and the base part is decorated with a longitudinal central groove to both sides, which sits within a pair of projecting moulded lips. The inside surface is deeply grooved for attachment purposes and the outer surface has a rich brown patina.

The chape would have fitted, likely soldered, onto the end of a sheet-bronze scabbard to protect and strengthen its terminal. See UKDFD 52532 for a scabbard terminal of a style that the chape would have been fitted to, and also UKDFD 20652 & HAMP-B4AF1F, as similar style chapes.

The below reference assembles together elaborate openwork chapes from the north of England, all with matching scabbards in the La Tène style, and dated to the later Iron Age period. (Notably recovered from burials at Bugthorpe & Grimthorpe Hillfort, Yorkshire). See British Museum collection; Bugthorpe & Grimthorpe Hillfort swords.
 
Category: Iron Age, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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Bow Brooch https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/brooches/bow-brooch-57412.html Mon, 22 May 2023 17:20:01 GMT Brooches Bow Brooch  
Description: A relatively unknown/unclassified type of bow brooch dating to the late Iron Age period. The brooch has a sub-rectangular sectioned bow, now distorted, which reduces in thickness towards the (missing) catchplate end. The head of the brooch displays a 'bird-like' zoomorphic feature, cast with wide eyes in low relief. The bill of the bird projects centrally from the head and would in turn form the coiled spring mechanism and integral pin, but only a short stub of this survives.

A similar brooch of the period is recorded as NLM-E90E4D. See also UKDFD 57039, as an earlier classified type of brooch that also displays a simple zoomorphic feature at the head end.
Category: Iron Age, Brooches
Category: Brooches
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Ring https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/miscellaneous/ring-57410.html Fri, 19 May 2023 16:34:23 GMT Miscellaneous Ring  
Description: A cast copper-alloy ring, probably dating from the Iron Age to Roman period, although an earlier date is plausible. The ring is generally D-shaped in cross section, with lipped open ends. The internal diameter appears to be consistent, although the outer surface is irregular.

The function and dating of simple bronze rings recovered out of a secure context is problematic. Dating is tentatively made on general form related to other recorded examples, as well as overall wear and patination. The object is most likely a ring made for generic employment rather than a purposefully made finger ring, but its exact function remains uncertain. The present consensus believes that these medium sized rings are likely harness or suspension related. See also; UKDFD 56603KENT-84ED83 & KENT-97DC41 as generally similar.
 
Category: Iron Age, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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La Tène III Brooch https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/brooches/la-tene-iii-brooch-57359.html Mon, 24 Apr 2023 14:32:05 GMT Brooches  La Tène III Brooch  
Description: A late Iron Age brooch of  La Tène III Type. The bow is D-shaped in section, arched in profile, and slightly tapered at the lower end. Decoration on the bow consists of three rows of incised lozenges that cover its full length. The catchplate with curved return remains in situ and two coils of the bi-lateral spring survive.
The La Tène III brooch is a derivative of the continental Nauheim type. It evolved on the continent around the beginning of the 1st century BC, and was brought to Britain by the Belgae.
Category: Iron Age, Brooches
Category: Brooches
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Pin https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/miscellaneous/pin-57114.html Sat, 07 Jan 2023 11:45:15 GMT Miscellaneous Pin  
Description: An incomplete cruciform-headed copper-alloy dress pin dating from the middle Iron Age to early Roman period. The flat head of the pin has four lateral sub-oval knops and a lozenge-shaped centre. Below the head is a waisted spool-shaped section and a plain bead moulding. From the base, a short length of the circular-section shaft survives, and is bent through approximately 90 degrees, but broken on the curve. 

The pin is characteristic of a type with origins to the middle Iron Age, see; UKDFD 56066 and associated attachments. The addition of spool and bead mouldings, however, may suggest a later development, or an adaptation of this type incorporating new Roman influence (SF-B827B8). The fact the pin shaft is still sharply curved below the base of the head, however, would appear to confirm its manufacture in Celtic British culture.

 
Category: Iron Age, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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Terret Ring https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/terret-rings/terret-ring-57051.html Sat, 12 Nov 2022 20:20:42 GMT Terret rings Terret Ring  
Description: An ornate cast copper-alloy terret ring of the late Iron Age to early Roman period. It consists of a large sub-circular rein guide with an integral mounting base or skirt. The ring itself is of oval cross section and ornamented with three evenly spaced clusters of triple projecting knops. At the base is a flat quatrefoil skirt with rectangular attachment loop.

Found in various forms, sometimes very elaborately decorated, terret rings were in use during the Iron Age and Roman period as a means of guiding the reins on chariots and carts.
Category: Iron Age, Terret rings
Category: Terret rings
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Knotenfibel or 'Boss-on-Bow' Brooch https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/brooches/knotenfibel-or-boss-on-bow-brooch-57039.html Tue, 01 Nov 2022 12:52:45 GMT Brooches Knotenfibel or 'Boss-on-Bow' Brooch  
Description: A copper-alloy Knotenfibel brooch of the Late Iron Age period. The brooch is of a one-piece construction with a right-angled bend close to the head. The solid carnyx-shaped head has La Tène style elliptical mouldings to each side in low relief. The boss, located directly after the bend, is composed of fully rounded reel and spool mouldings. The lower bow is round in section and has the remains of an ornate openwork catch plate. The integral coiled spring is now mostly missing, only one coil of which survives projecting centrally from the head.

Knotenfibeln (the German name in its plural form) originated on the continent between about 50BC and 20BC, and possibly reached Britain a little later. They were predecessors of the native British Birdlip type.

See also; UKDFD 54244, HAMP-172E44 & SUSS-648FD6
Category: Iron Age, Brooches
Category: Brooches
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Arrowhead https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/miscellaneous/arrowhead-57020.html Sun, 23 Oct 2022 15:30:50 GMT Miscellaneous Arrowhead  
Description: A small cast copper alloy arrowhead, possibly dating from the Iron Age to Roman period. The head has three projecting fins, equally spaced around a circular central socket with a singular rivet hole for shaft attachment. The head tapers from the hollow socket end to a solid sharp point.

Of the period concerned, this small form of tri-finned arrowhead, especially manufactured in copper alloy, would appear to be a very rare artefact found within the British Isles. Due to lack of published and found material, a tentative and broad timeframe has been given. Of what is available to compare with, it is noted that similar examples have been excavated in the Mediterranean and also from Eastern Europe, and date from the Iron Age to Roman period.

A similar arrowhead found in Suffolk is recorded on the PAS database; SF-1D1A06. See also UKDFD 48364
Category: Iron Age, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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Brooch, La Tène III https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/brooches/brooch-la-tene-iii-56882.html Fri, 29 Jul 2022 20:35:13 GMT Brooches Brooch, La Tène III  
Description: An incomplete late Iron-Age brooch of La Tène III type. The bow is undecorated, circular in section, and slightly arched in profile, it tapers towards the foot. Two coils of the integrally cast bilateral spring and the catchplate survive, but the pin is missing.
The La Tène III brooch is a derivative of the continental Nauheim type. It evolved on the continent around the beginning of the 1st century BC and was brought to Britain by the Belgae.
Category: Iron Age, Brooches
Category: Brooches
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La Tène I Brooch https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/brooches/la-tene-i-brooch-56674.html Sun, 06 Mar 2022 17:15:27 GMT Brooches La Tène I Brooch  
Description: An incomplete Iron-Age La Tène I brooch, dating to the 4th - 3rd century BC. It is of characteristic form for the type, constructed in one piece with an arched bow and a returned foot.  The foot which incorporates the curled over catchplate is returned through 180 degrees to meet the lower end of the bow, the 'return' terminates with a flat round knop. The integrally formed bi-lateral spring mechanism with chord and pin is missing.
Category: Iron Age, Brooches
Category: Brooches
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