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https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/templates/general_wide/img/logo.png UKDFD Recording Software https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/ Iron Age https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age.html Arrowhead or Spearhead https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/miscellaneous/arrowhead-or-spearhead-56100.html Mon, 24 May 2021 14:35:08 GMT Miscellaneous Arrowhead or Spearhead  
Description: An incomplete socketed arrowhead, or possibly a small spearhead tentatively dated to the Iron Age or Roman period. The solid lanceolate leaf-shaped blade has a central longitudinal mid-rib, giving a lozengiform cross-section. The tip is missing, and the socketed attachment end is broken a short distance below the base of the blade.

Note on dating. The size of the blade is consistent with some arrowheads, but its weight could also suggest its employment as a lightweight throwing spear. The overall shape of the blade is not consistent with Bronze Age examples, and after this period, iron was predominantly chosen due to increased ore availability. Bronze socketed spearheads of similar blade size and form however, although very scarce, are documented as being used during the Roman occupation period. The incompleteness of the socketed end does unfortunately cause further difficulties in finding comparisons. For this reason, a broad and tentative date range has been given.
Category: Iron Age, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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Terret (Fragment) https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/terret-rings/terret-fragment-39329.html Tue, 23 Oct 2012 00:00:00 GMT Terret rings Terret (Fragment)  
Description: A fragment of a skirted copper-alloy terret of the late Iron Age or early Roman period. It consists of about one-third of the rein guide ring and part of the skirt. The attachment loop is missing from the underside of the skirt.
Category: Iron Age, Terret rings
Category: Terret rings
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Terret Ring https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/terret-rings/terret-ring-56099.html Sun, 23 May 2021 15:42:22 GMT Terret rings Terret Ring  
Description: A cast copper-alloy terret ring dating from the late Iron Age to early Roman period. The terret is incomplete, the flat ring, or 'rein guide' element mostly missing. The base, or 'skirt', is hollow and of semi-circular form. Hidden underneath the skirt is a concealed and integral flat attachment bar. Each face of the skirt is decorated with petal-shaped mouldings, the circular and sub-triangular cells between retaining remains of red and yellow enamel. The ring element is mostly missing, it is of flat rectangular section and is also decorated on both sides with small circular cells infilled with yellow enamel. The base of the ring stands proud of the skirt, and its internal radius would suggest a larger sized terret. Terrets were used on chariots and carts, on the pad or yoke, guiding the driving reins for the horses. They come in many forms and are often elaborately decorated.

The style of attachment is unusual, although a comparable example can be noted with HESH-78A2E1
Category: Iron Age, Terret rings
Category: Terret rings
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La Tène I Brooch https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/brooches/la-tene-i-brooch-56092.html Wed, 19 May 2021 17:07:37 GMT Brooches La Tène I Brooch  
Description: An Iron-Age La Tène I brooch, dating circa 4th to 3rd century BC. The brooch is of characteristic La Tène I form, with highly arched bow of sub-rectangular cross-section, and a returned foot. The undecorated bow has a complete catchplate. The flattened terminal of the returned foot is round with an empty central recess, which may originally have held a separate decorative ornament. The integral spring and pin are missing.
Category: Iron Age, Brooches
Category: Brooches
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La Tène I Brooch https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/brooches/la-tene-i-brooch-56091.html Wed, 19 May 2021 16:58:18 GMT Brooches La Tène I Brooch  
Description: An Iron-Age La Tène I brooch dating to the 4th - 3rd century BC. The brooch is of one-piece construction with a distinctive highly arched bow, a complete catchplate and a sloping returned foot. The bow is sub-rectangular in section and undecorated. The returned foot terminates in a small ring with a ribbed projection, to which may have been attached a separate decorative ornament. There is evidence of minor iron corrosion and staining on the bow surface at the opposite end above the fracture point. The integral coiled spring and pin are missing.

See UKDFD 4807 for similarities regarding ferrous addition.
Category: Iron Age, Brooches
Category: Brooches
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Pin https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/miscellaneous/pin-56066.html Wed, 05 May 2021 11:23:18 GMT Miscellaneous Pin  
Description: An incomplete cruciform-headed copper-alloy dress pin of the Middle Iron Age. The head of the pin is moulded in the form of a globular bead with four lateral sub-oval knops located at the cardinal points around its circumference. Below the head, and separated from it by a plain waisted section, there is another bead moulding of similar size, but without appendages. Projecting below the lower bead, a short length of the circular-section shaft survives. It is bent through approximately 90 degrees, but broken on the curve. 

Cf. PAS: YORYM-4FB742WMID-791C77SWYOR-37CFEA and NARC-BF08EF.
For a stylistically comparable brooch, see UKDFD 4413.
Category: Iron Age, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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Cosmetic Grinder https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/cosmetic-grinders/cosmetic-grinder-56060.html Mon, 03 May 2021 16:06:50 GMT Cosmetic grinders Cosmetic Grinder  
Description: The upper element, or pestle, of a two-part cosmetic (woad) grinder of the late Iron Age to early Roman period. It is crescent-shaped with a central suspension loop. The pestle would have been utilised with a mortar element, such as UKDFD 25585.

The ancient Britons cultivated woad (a biennial herb, Isatis Tinctoria) for its blue dye. The dye, which they used to paint their bodies, was obtained by grinding parts of the plant between a mortar and pestle.
Category: Iron Age, Cosmetic grinders
Category: Cosmetic grinders
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Knotenfibel or "Boss-on-Bow" Brooch https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/brooches/knotenfibel-or-boss-on-bow-brooch-56022.html Fri, 09 Apr 2021 15:38:57 GMT Brooches Knotenfibel or  
Description: A copper-alloy Knotenfibel brooch of the Late Iron Age period. The brooch is of a one-piece construction with a right-angled bend close to the flat rectangular section head. The moulded elongated boss or button, located after the bend has knurled decoration and is flanked above and below with a transverse groove. The lower bow appears to be square in section and has the remains of a sub-rectangular, perforated (probably) catch plate. Two coils of the spring survive at the head of the brooch.

Knotenfibeln (the German name in its plural form) originated on the continent between about 50BC and 20BC, and possibly reached Britain a little later. They were predecessors of the native British Birdlip type.
Category: Iron Age, Brooches
Category: Brooches
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Razor https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/miscellaneous/razor-55981.html Sat, 03 Apr 2021 12:49:40 GMT Miscellaneous Razor  
Description: An incomplete cast copper-allloy cutting tool (razor) of 'Hallstatt Style' dating to the Early Iron Age period. The blade is generally trapezoidal in plan, with an incurved top edge that has a small loop formed to each end. The 'blade' element is decorated on both sides with five indented triangles. The cutting edge has sustained some damage and loss. The blade tapers in cross-sectional thickness and overall has a rich blue patina.

See also; CORN-D78C78LANCUM-DB7650 & BUC-58FFF8 as similar, but all with perforted triangles rather than indented.
Category: Iron Age, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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Bovine Vessel Mount https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/iron-age/miscellaneous/bovine-vessel-mount-55287.html Tue, 05 May 2020 17:17:32 GMT Miscellaneous Bovine Vessel Mount  
Description: A cast copper-alloy mount in the form of a three-dimensional bull's head. The head of the mount has a curved underside, designed to sit over the rim of a vessel. The attachment plate has broken away from the base part, which would have originally extended downwards and have been fastened (with either a separate or integral rivet) to the side of the vessel (see UKDFD 19125). The features of the head are fairly well defined, with a prominent ridge to the top of the head, embellished with linear grooving. The eyes are round and sunken and the long snout widens to a flat front. The tips of each horn are now missing. Unusually, the head has a piercing in the neck of the mount, from which the vessel was either suspended, or a handle attached. Mounts for attaching handles were secured in pairs, one to each side of a vessel rim. Suspension, however, would require three or more mounts for stability whilst hanging. A typical form for handle attachment found on similar vessel mounts generally incorporate an integral in-line loop located at the top of the head (see UKDFD 33419). A hole situated transversely, as on this recorded example, would seem to lend itself for suspension more effectively, although no other mount with this method of piercing has been traced to date. A similar mount with curved underside is recorded in the below reference material, and is described as being attached to a wooden vessel (bucket).
Category: Iron Age, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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