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https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/templates/general_wide/img/logo.png UKDFD Recording Software https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/ Brooches https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/brooches.html Penannular Brooch https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/brooches/penannular-brooches/penannular-brooch-56096.html Sat, 22 May 2021 16:43:39 GMT Penannular brooches Penannular Brooch  
Description: A penannular copper-alloy brooch of the Roman period. The brooch is formed from flat, thin rectangular-section strip, the two ends of which are coiled to form opposing terminals on the same side of the frame. Although the brooch is somewhat corroded, frontal decoration can be noted around the frame in the form of multiple punched dots and notches to the inner edge. The straight pin is also made from flat, rectangular-section strip, but is rounded and tapered towards the pointed end.

The brooch belongs to the penannular class 'Fowler Type C ', this later manufactured example having a thin flat sectioned and decorated frame complete with straight pin.
Category: Roman, Brooches, Penannular brooches
Category: Penannular brooches
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Aucissa Brooch https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/brooches/bow-brooches/aucissa-brooch-56074.html Sat, 08 May 2021 16:05:28 GMT Bow brooches Aucissa Brooch  
Description: An Aucissa Brooch of the early Roman period. The highly arched and narrow bow is slightly tapered with a pronounced median rib and a cavetto moulding on either side. The head is rectangular with moulded transverse ribs. Although partly corroded, the end of the name '[AVCI]SSA' can be made out between the ribs on a central band. The axis bar and pin are missing. The foot terminates in a raised and pointed 'snake-like' head. On the back, the catchplete partly survives.

The word 'AVCISSA' is found stamped on the head of some brooches of this type, and is the origin of their name. It is believed that it might be the name of a maker whose workshop was active in Gaul, circa AD 40-60. See UKDFD 45501
Category: Roman, Brooches, Bow brooches
Category: Bow brooches
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Dolphin Brooch https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/brooches/bow-brooches/dolphin-brooch-56071.html Fri, 07 May 2021 15:07:09 GMT Bow brooches Dolphin Brooch  
Description: A 'dolphin' type brooch of the early Roman period. The brooch has semi-cylindrical wings to accommodate the spring mechanism, and has a rearward-facing hook to retain the chord. The spring and pin are missing as is usual with this type. The wings are short in length and each is decorated with a central vertical groove. The bow is both lighly arched and tapered, with a median rib and stepped sides. The terminal foot-end is squared off, the solid catchplate is complete.
Category: Roman, Brooches, Bow brooches
Category: Bow brooches
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Hod Hill Brooch https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/brooches/bow-brooches/hod-hill-brooch-56070.html Fri, 07 May 2021 15:04:39 GMT Bow brooches Hod Hill Brooch  
Description: A small Hod Hill brooch of the early Roman period. It has three transverse ribs decorating the head and mid section of the bow, which tapers in width to a lobed terminal end. The head is typically splayed and rolled forward to form a cylindrical housing for a bar and hinged pin, but this element is broken and both are now missing. On the back of the brooch, the incomplete triangular catchplate is pierced at its centre and occupies approximately half the length of the brooch. Traces of a tinned finish remain to the surface.

Hod Hill brooches originated in the Moselle region during the reign of Augustus. Most of those found in this country are likely to have been brought over with the invasion of AD 43, although some will have arrived beforehand. They were superseded by native British types within about twenty years.
Category: Roman, Brooches, Bow brooches
Category: Bow brooches
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Dolphin Brooch https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/brooches/bow-brooches/dolphin-brooch-56069.html Thu, 06 May 2021 19:00:41 GMT Bow brooches Dolphin Brooch  
Description: A complete hinged dolphin brooch of the early Roman period. The wings are rolled into a cylindrical shape to hold a separate axis bar captive and slotted at the centre for free movement of the attached hinged pin. Corrosion and seizure suggests the axis bar is made of iron. The bow is humped at the head end in characteristic dolphin shape, and tapers in width to the foot. Decoration consists of transverse ribs and grooves to both wings and bow. On the back, the catchplate is solid.
Category: Roman, Brooches, Bow brooches
Category: Bow brooches
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T-Shape Brooch (Sawfish Type) https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/brooches/bow-brooches/t-shape-brooch-sawfish-type-56068.html Thu, 06 May 2021 18:43:40 GMT Bow brooches T-Shape Brooch (Sawfish Type)  
Description: A T-shape (Sawfish type) brooch of the Roman period. The tubular wings are undecorated and hold captive an axis bar for the hinged pin, which is now missing. The head of the bow has a raised and pierced fin, now incomplete, to act as a chain suspension loop. The mid bow section is decorated with multiple 'teeth' along its length to each side, and the bow face has a vertical central band containing small triangular and lozenge-shaped cells with a longitudinal groove on either side. The cells would have all once held enamel, vestiges of which remain. At the base of the bow, there is a plain forward facing, flat faced circular foot-knob. The back of the brooch has a complete solid catchplate.
Category: Roman, Brooches, Bow brooches
Category: Bow brooches
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Headstud Brooch https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/brooches/bow-brooches/headstud-brooch-56058.html Mon, 03 May 2021 15:40:49 GMT Bow brooches Headstud Brooch  
Description: A headstud brooch of the Roman period. The brooch is of typical headstud form with short wings and a circular stud at the head of the bow, which gives the brooch its name. The wings are decorated on the front with vertical stepped grooves, and tubular at the back to secure the axis bar for the hinged pin, which is now missing. At the head of the brooch there is an integrally cast chain loop, below which is the raised circular stud. The stud has an annular recess, which retains vestiges of red enamel. Decoration to the bow consists of thirteen rectangular cells which would also have contained enamel, but are now empty. The foot of the bow has two transverse ridges and a deep transverse groove, below which there is a semi-circular foot-knob. The back of the brooch has a solid catch-plate.
Category: Roman, Brooches, Bow brooches
Category: Bow brooches
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Hod Hill Brooch https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/brooches/bow-brooches/hod-hill-brooch-56054.html Sat, 01 May 2021 16:51:09 GMT Bow brooches Hod Hill Brooch  
Description: A small Hod Hill brooch of the early Roman period. It has two vertical flutes decorating the face of the bow, which tapers in width to a lobed terminal end. The head is typically splayed and rolled forward to form a cylindrical housing for a bar and hinged pin, but this element is broken and both are now missing. On the back of the brooch, the triangular catchplate is pierced at its centre and occupies approximately half the length of the brooch.

Hod Hill brooches originated in the Moselle region during the reign of Augustus. Most of those found in this country are likely to have been brought over with the invasion of AD 43, although some will have arrived beforehand. They were superseded by native British types within about twenty years.
Category: Roman, Brooches, Bow brooches
Category: Bow brooches
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Trumpet Brooch https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/brooches/bow-brooches/trumpet-brooch-56028.html Tue, 13 Apr 2021 14:20:14 GMT Bow brooches Trumpet Brooch  
Description: A copper-alloy trumpet brooch of the Roman period. The brooch is characteristic of its type, with a flared oval head and mid-bow knob (acanthus). The bow is arched and has a fully developed acanthus with transverse ribs above and below. It tapers slightly, terminating in a bun-shaped foot knob. On the back of the bow is a complete triangular catchplate. Attached to the back of the recessed head is the coiled spring mechanism and axis bar. The pin and the integral axis bar suspension loop are both missing.

For a complete example of the same form, see: UKDFD 4339
Category: Roman, Brooches, Bow brooches
Category: Bow brooches
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Dolphin Brooch https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/brooches/bow-brooches/dolphin-brooch-56026.html Mon, 12 Apr 2021 14:55:27 GMT Bow brooches Dolphin Brooch  
Description: A complete hinged dolphin brooch of the early Roman period. The wings are tubular and hold the axis bar for the hinged pin. Each wing is decorated with two knurled ribs and channels. The bow is tapered, also with a knurled median rib, and has the dolphin type's characteristic hump-like appearance at the head end. The back of the bow has a solid triangular catchplate, which extends from the foot to mid-way along the back of the bow. Remains of a fine tinned finish survive to the surface.
Category: Roman, Brooches, Bow brooches
Category: Bow brooches
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