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https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/templates/general_wide/img/logo.png UKDFD Recording Software https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/ Early Medieval https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval.html Hooked Tag https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/hooked-tags/hooked-tag-54714.html Wed, 16 Oct 2019 13:06:45 GMT Hooked tags Hooked Tag  
Description: A copper-alloy hooked tag (dress hook) of the Anglo-Saxon period. The plate is circular with two projecting pierced lugs for attachment. The face has a circular cell at its centre which is inlaid with (deteriorated) niello and two silver wire insets formed in scroll fashion. Multiple blind-drilled holes further decorate the surface, the sharp hook is intact.

See also; UKDFD 53484. The fashion of inset silver scroll work would appear to be a predominantly East Anglian variant. For a related strap-end of the period, see; UKDFD 36030.
Category: Early Medieval, Hooked tags
Category: Hooked tags
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Small-Long Brooch (Fragment) https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/brooches/bow-brooches/small-long-brooch-fragment-54702.html Mon, 14 Oct 2019 11:20:05 GMT Bow brooches Small-Long Brooch (Fragment)  
Description: An incomplete trefoil-headed small-long brooch of the Anglo-Saxon period. The head-plate is simply decorated with indented semi-circles on the bottom edge of a slightly raised rectangular centre, the bow is plain. On the back of the brooch, the iron pin is typically lost to corrosion.
Category: Early Medieval, Brooches, Bow brooches
Category: Bow brooches
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Decorated Fragment https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/miscellaneous/decorated-fragment-54687.html Wed, 09 Oct 2019 18:27:28 GMT Miscellaneous Decorated Fragment  
Description: An incomplete artefact of the middle Anglo-Saxon period. The decorative face of the fragment is gilt, with acanthus leaf chip-carving at its centre. The surviving raised edge has applied silver foil, and there is a single silver rivet passing through the design. The back is undecorated and flat.

The acanthus leaf (together with applied silver embelishment), is typically 'Carolingian ' in design and origin, re-emerging decoratively within the Classical Renaissance under the Emperor Charlemagne (768-814).  As similar, see; HESH-26E9D1, a complete copper-alloy fitting displaying typical design elements. More elaborate Carolingian-style fittings of the period are of solid silver construction. Pilgrimage, migration and Scandinavian activity may explain why these artefacts, being fairly rare in recovered examples, have come to be found in England. Interestingly, a little later around the 10th century within England, a similar and possibly influenced design evolved, collectively known as the 'Winchester Style', being centrally dominant in Alfred's Wessex. Aesthetically, this encapsulates the naturalistic and insular art form inspired by Christian beliefs evolving within the later Anglo-Saxon period. See strap-end; UKDFD 36541 as a stylistic example.
Category: Early Medieval, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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Hooked Tag https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/hooked-tags/hooked-tag-54658.html Sat, 28 Sep 2019 17:09:52 GMT Hooked tags Hooked Tag  
Description: An Anglo-Saxon hooked tag (dress hook) of sub-triangular form with two attachment holes and a single decorative piercing, each is embellished with concentric circles. The back is plain.
Category: Early Medieval, Hooked tags
Category: Hooked tags
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Strap-End (Hooked) https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/strap-ends/strap-end-hooked-54562.html Mon, 26 Aug 2019 15:38:34 GMT Strap-ends Strap-End (Hooked)  
Description: A cast zoomorphic strap-end of the Anglo-Saxon period. The strap-end has two animal heads with linear detailing, rearward facing ears and blind-drilled eyes, each facing outwards and laying opposed at both ends. The split attachment end is incomplete and singularly pierced for a rivet. To the body, just off centre, are two visible transverse ribs. To one side is a further drilled hole. The back is generally flat, and interestingly, there is visible evidence of solder around the small hole just off centre. This suggests the strap-end was modified to have a separate hooked fitting attached (now missing). See below FRG Datasheet and UKDFD Reference Article.

See also; UKDFD 6650UKDFD 29734 UKDFD 16804 UKDFD 4242 UKDFD 6650 UKDFD 27331 UKDFD 28319UKDFD 32443 & UKDFD 40940, as similar.
Category: Early Medieval, Strap-ends
Category: Strap-ends
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Strap-End https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/strap-ends/strap-end-54541.html Sun, 18 Aug 2019 16:37:49 GMT Strap-ends Strap-End  
Description: An Anglo-Saxon zoomorphic strap-end of Thomas Class B, Type 2 (see ref below). The wedge-shaped attachment end is split to accommodate the strap, and retains two copper-alloy rivets to secure it. It is decorated with an incised palmette motif, and below, a framed interlaced design that is a simplified animal form in the Trewhiddle style. Within the field of the design is the remains of a niello infill. The body is waisted at its centre with a longitudinal central ridge enhanced with decorative block-work each side that transcends into the attachment element. The terminal end is in the form of an ornate animal head with elaborate rearward-facing ears and square snout.
Category: Early Medieval, Strap-ends
Category: Strap-ends
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Stirrup-Strap Mount https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/stirrup-fittings/stirrup-strap-mount-54464.html Sun, 02 Jun 2019 17:38:32 GMT Stirrup fittings Stirrup-Strap Mount  
Description: A late Saxon stirrup-strap mount of Williams Class A, Type 10B. The mount is tongue-shaped with openwork decoration that reflects the Viking Urnes style of the 11th century. It depicts a highly stylised sinuous animal intertwined with tendrils in an asymmetric arrangement that completely fills the available space. There is a rivet hole for attachment in the apex lug and two more located above the base flange.
Category: Early Medieval, Stirrup fittings
Category: Stirrup fittings
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Strap Distributor https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/harness-fittings/strap-distributor-54460.html Tue, 28 May 2019 14:36:04 GMT Harness fittings Strap Distributor  
Description: A four-way harness strap distributor (bridle fitting) of the late Anglo-Saxon to early Norman period. The arms are D-shaped in cross section, three complete, the fourth partially missing its simple oval loop. At the central junction, there is a sub-conical hollow domed boss.

See as similar, UKDFD 3259
Category: Early Medieval, Harness fittings
Category: Harness fittings
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Anthropomorphic Mount https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/mounts/anthropomorphic-mount-34573.html Fri, 04 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT Mounts Anthropomorphic Mount  
Description: An incomplete silver gilt chip-carved mount of the early Anglo-Saxon period. The mount is decorated with in relief Salin Style I anthrpomorphic face masks and further 'hidden' masks in to each face and top edge. The surviving end is plain. Further decoration consists of chip-carved linear, curvilinear and scroll panels. The mount is hollow and filled with a lead-alloy on the underside, at its centre is a broken circular section of silver.

It is uncertain as to what the complete mount was utilised for, but close similarities can be noted with a mount found in Lincolnshire and held at the British Museum - NLM-219C93 . It is possible that the both mounts are of the same type.

For comprehensive detailed analysis of the recorded mount, see NMS-664877. Also related; NMS-4B8EF7.
Category: Early Medieval, Mounts
Category: Mounts
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Lead 'Weight' with Copper-Alloy Inset https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/weights/lead-weight-with-copper-alloy-inset-54448.html Thu, 23 May 2019 17:48:12 GMT Weights Lead 'Weight' with Copper-Alloy Inset  
Description: A decorative copper-alloy disc that is embedded into a separate cheese-shaped lead base. The disc is flat and symmetrically chip carved with a gilt finish, and depicts two confronted vines with entwined stems and leaves. The back of the lead base element has iron staining evident.

The disc may have originally been a brooch or mount, but no similar object has yet been traced. The design aesthetically encapsulates the naturalistic and insular art form inspired by Christian beliefs evolving within the later part of the Anglo-Saxon period. Identical curvilinear vine ornamentation can be seen on a 9th century limestone cross-shaft fragment at York Minster (See below reference; Webster & Backhouse). Note also; LEIC-413B05 as stylistically similar. The inset disc would appear then to be a 9th century piece, embedded into a contemporary or later lead base element.

The practice of embedding objects in a lead base seems to be most prevalent from the 9th to the 11th century AD, although earlier dateable examples exist. Many such items can be reliably associated with the Vikings, but some may be linked with the Anglo-Saxons. The fact that a number of them have been found inset with coins (UKDFD 26555) suggests that, at least in some cases, they might have been used for weighing bullion, but other possibilities exist, including their use as gaming pieces.

See also; UKDFD 46556, UKDFD 36170 & UKDFD 14402

Dating of weights with embedded objects is discussed by Norman Biggs and Paul Withers in Lead Weights - The David Rogers Collection (pp.18-20), and by Nigel Mills in Saxon & Viking Artefacts (pp.84-86).
Category: Early Medieval, Weights
Category: Weights
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