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https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/templates/general_wide/img/logo.png UKDFD Recording Software https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/ Early Medieval https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval.html Stirrup-Strap Mount https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/stirrup-fittings/stirrup-strap-mount-54464.html Sun, 02 Jun 2019 17:38:32 GMT Stirrup fittings Stirrup-Strap Mount  
Description: A late Saxon stirrup-strap mount of Williams Class A, Type 10B. The mount is tongue-shaped with openwork decoration that reflects the Viking Urnes style of the 11th century. It depicts a highly stylised sinuous animal intertwined with tendrils in an asymmetric arrangement that completely fills the available space. There is a rivet hole for attachment in the apex lug and two more located above the base flange.
Category: Early Medieval, Stirrup fittings
Category: Stirrup fittings
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Strap Distributor https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/harness-fittings/strap-distributor-54460.html Tue, 28 May 2019 14:36:04 GMT Harness fittings Strap Distributor  
Description: A four-way harness strap distributor (bridle fitting) of the late Anglo-Saxon to early Norman period. The arms are D-shaped in cross section, three complete, the fourth partially missing its simple oval loop. At the central junction, there is a sub-conical hollow domed boss.

See as similar, UKDFD 3259
Category: Early Medieval, Harness fittings
Category: Harness fittings
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Anthropomorphic Mount https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/mounts/anthropomorphic-mount-34573.html Fri, 04 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT Mounts Anthropomorphic Mount  
Description: An incomplete silver gilt chip-carved mount of the early Anglo-Saxon period. The mount is decorated with in relief Salin Style I anthrpomorphic face masks and further 'hidden' masks in to each face and top edge. The surviving end is plain. Further decoration consists of chip-carved linear, curvilinear and scroll panels. The mount is hollow and filled with a lead-alloy on the underside, at its centre is a broken circular section of silver.

It is uncertain as to what the complete mount was utilised for, but close similarities can be noted with a mount found in Lincolnshire and held at the British Museum - NLM-219C93 . It is possible that the both mounts are of the same type.

For comprehensive detailed analysis of the recorded mount, see NMS-664877. Also related; NMS-4B8EF7.
Category: Early Medieval, Mounts
Category: Mounts
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Lead 'Weight' with Copper-Alloy Inset https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/weights/lead-weight-with-copper-alloy-inset-54448.html Thu, 23 May 2019 17:48:12 GMT Weights Lead 'Weight' with Copper-Alloy Inset  
Description: A decorative copper-alloy disc that is embedded into a separate cheese-shaped lead base. The disc is flat and symmetrically chip carved with a gilt finish, and depicts two confronted vines with entwined stems and leaves. The back of the lead base element has iron staining evident.

The disc may have originally been a brooch or mount, but no similar object has yet been traced. The design aesthetically encapsulates the naturalistic and insular art form inspired by Christian beliefs evolving within the later part of the Anglo-Saxon period. Identical curvilinear vine ornamentation can be seen on a 9th century limestone cross-shaft fragment at York Minster (See below reference; Webster & Backhouse). Note also; LEIC-413B05 as stylistically similar. The inset disc would appear then to be a 9th century piece, embedded into a contemporary or later lead base element.

The practice of embedding objects in a lead base seems to be most prevalent from the 9th to the 11th century AD, although earlier dateable examples exist. Many such items can be reliably associated with the Vikings, but some may be linked with the Anglo-Saxons. The fact that a number of them have been found inset with coins (UKDFD 26555) suggests that, at least in some cases, they might have been used for weighing bullion, but other possibilities exist, including their use as gaming pieces.

See also; UKDFD 46556, UKDFD 36170 & UKDFD 14402

Dating of weights with embedded objects is discussed by Norman Biggs and Paul Withers in Lead Weights - The David Rogers Collection (pp.18-20), and by Nigel Mills in Saxon & Viking Artefacts (pp.84-86).
Category: Early Medieval, Weights
Category: Weights
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Cruciform Brooch (Fragment) https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/brooches/bow-brooches/cruciform-brooch-fragment-54429.html Tue, 07 May 2019 08:30:45 GMT Bow brooches Cruciform Brooch (Fragment)  
Description: A fragment of a florid cruciform brooch of the Anglo-Saxon period. The surviving element is either part of a head plate projection, or possibly the footplate of the brooch, intricately cast in the form of an anthropomorphic face-mask. The surface was most likely gilded.

See as similar; UKDFD 46506, UKDFD 19486 & NMS-856913
Category: Early Medieval, Brooches, Bow brooches
Category: Bow brooches
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Decorated Fragment https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/miscellaneous/decorated-fragment-54365.html Fri, 05 Apr 2019 09:06:16 GMT Miscellaneous Decorated Fragment  
Description: A fragment of gilt artefact dating to the Anglo-Saxon period. Decoration to the face consists of an interlace pattern that shares characteristics with the Trewhiddle style. The field between interlace is decorated with multiple stamped annulets. There is one copper-alloy rivet in situ. The artefact appears to have fractured around the engraved form, and was probably once a larger object such as a decorative buckle plate or mount that depicted a complete interlace pattern.

For similar decorative form, see; UKDFD 8722 & UKDFD 37808
Category: Early Medieval, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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Mount (Fragment) https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/mounts/mount-fragment-54351.html Sun, 31 Mar 2019 12:01:23 GMT Mounts Mount (Fragment)  
Description: A gilt fragment of early Anglo-Saxon metalwork, possibly the remains of a vessel mount. The chip-carved decoration consists of three concentric circles surrounded by ’running spirals’, a motif commonly used in early Anglo-Saxon design. There are no evident signs of attachment fittings on the back.

See; ESS-BFFDC4 & ESS-330CD8 as generally similar. Also note decoration to certain plate brooches of the period; UKDFD 40843.  
Category: Early Medieval, Mounts
Category: Mounts
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Cruciform Brooch (Side Knob) https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/brooches/bow-brooches/cruciform-brooch-side-knob-54343.html Tue, 26 Mar 2019 13:19:42 GMT Bow brooches Cruciform Brooch (Side Knob)  
Description:

A complete cast copper-alloy detachable side knob originating from an Anglo-Saxon florid cruciform brooch. The knob depicts an anthropomorphic face-mask with prominent pelleted eyes, heavy brows, cheeks and wide triangular nose. Projecting from the base of the knob are two birds of prey, or carrion, each curving around a sub-circular aperture. The heads of each bird face inwards and are cast with a pelleted eye and curved beak. Attachment to the main brooch element was effected by means of a pin, which fitted through the pair of pierced lugs on the back of the knob. Corrosion suggests the pin was made of iron.

As similar, see also; UKDFD 1407 

Category: Early Medieval, Brooches, Bow brooches
Category: Bow brooches
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D-Shaped Buckle https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/buckles/d-shaped-buckle-54310.html Wed, 06 Mar 2019 18:38:32 GMT Buckles D-Shaped Buckle  
Description: An Anglo-Saxon D-shaped buckle with narrowed strap bar and radially expanded sides and end. The front face of the frame has multiple transverse grooves overall and possibly very stylised zoomorphic terminals. The pin is missing.

Close dating of the buckle is difficult because the form of the main decoration, namely multiple transverse grooves or ribbing, is found throughout the Anglo-Saxon period. A generally very similar example illustrated by Nigel Mills in Saxon & Viking Artefacts (A59) is dated to the 6th or 7th century, whereas the two UKDFD examples linked below are dated circa 9th to 11th century. It is true that the former example has a slightly more oval (rather than D-shaped) form, which is a characteristic of early Anglo-Saxon buckles, but it is also a fact that dating Anglo-Saxon buckles from the late 7th to the early 9th century is problematic. As the above author notes, the difficulty arises because the pagan practice of interring personal belongings in graves ceased as Christianity became dominant. The latter examples have more distinct zoomorphic terminals, but whereas the D-shaped form and ribbing are similar to the present example, the radial expansion of the frames is less pronounced.

On the basis of the above considerations, a date range of circa 8th to 11th century is suggested.

See also UKDFD 32007 and UKDFD 44756.
Category: Early Medieval, Buckles
Category: Buckles
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Kite-Headed Pin https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/early-medieval/pins/kite-headed-pin-54309.html Tue, 05 Mar 2019 12:04:43 GMT Pins Kite-Headed Pin  
Description: A cast 'Kite-Headed' pin, typically characteristic of the Anglo-Scandinavian period. The head is flat, lozenge-shaped and centrally pierced with a round hole. There is a small knop located at each angle and a short collar at the base. The circular-sectioned shaft is incomplete. 

As similar, see also from Yorkshire; SWYOR-77388A & SWYOR-09DC9E
Category: Early Medieval, Pins
Category: Pins
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