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https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/templates/general_wide/img/logo.png UKDFD Recording Software https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/ Lighting equipment https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/post-medieval-to-modern/lighting-equipment.html Candlestick https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/post-medieval-to-modern/lighting-equipment/candlestick-11458.html Mon, 21 Jan 2008 00:00:00 GMT Lighting equipment Candlestick  
Description: The middle section of a branched double socket candlestick. It is missing the circular terminal at the end of each arm, on which the sockets for holding the candles would have been fitted. (See Image 4 for a complete candlestick of the same type.)
Category: Post-Medieval to Modern, Lighting equipment
Category: Lighting equipment
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Candlestick Socket https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/post-medieval-to-modern/lighting-equipment/candlestick-socket-15643.html Mon, 29 Sep 2008 00:00:00 GMT Lighting equipment Candlestick Socket  
Description: A socket from an early post-medieval candlestick. It has a moulded lip and circumferential rings at mid-height and towards the lower end. The base is concave and has the remains of an iron rivet, with which it would have been fastened to the missing base.
Category: Post-Medieval to Modern, Lighting equipment
Category: Lighting equipment
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Candle-Wick Trimmer / Snuffer (Fragment) https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/post-medieval-to-modern/lighting-equipment/candle-wick-trimmer-snuffer-fragment-25927.html Mon, 12 Jul 2010 00:00:00 GMT Lighting equipment Candle-Wick Trimmer / Snuffer (Fragment)  
Description: A fragment of candle snuffer dating to the post medieval period. The part is an elaborate side panel from the wick tray element of a 'scissor-type' candle snuffer. These elaborate types appear to be European in manufacture, notably from Nuremberg, as recorded examples of British candle snuffers of the period are more plain by comparison. The decorated panel is rectangular with trefoil terminals (one terminal missing). Decoration consists of three blind holes on the surviving terminal, and four punched ring-and-dot motifs along the panel centre. On the reverse are two rivet holes and the remains of solder, where the panel was attached to the tray.

A candle-wick trimmer is a scissors-like instrument for maintaining the light from candles at an optimum level. After burning for a little while, the light from a candle fades and it produces an increased amount of smoke. These effects are caused by the remains of the burnt wick, which could periodically be removed by the use of a trimmer. The tool is designed such that the debris removed is contained within the closed box to prevent it falling back into the molten wax pool. The cutter could also be used to extinguish the candle by cutting the wick below the flame. Wick trimmers have been used since the mid-15th century.

See also UKDFD 33521 and HAMP-917D56.
Category: Post-Medieval to Modern, Lighting equipment
Category: Lighting equipment
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Candle-Ejector Handle https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/post-medieval-to-modern/lighting-equipment/candle-ejector-handle-32014.html Sun, 26 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT Lighting equipment Candle-Ejector Handle  
Description: A handle from the push-up ejector of a circa 19th century candlestick. It is of trefoil shape, with a small knop at the apex, and a threaded shank at the base. The shank would screw into the ejector, which fitted inside the cylindrical stem of the candlestick. The stem was slotted to allow vertical movement of the handle and ejector. It is possible that the handles also had other uses.

Cf. UKDFD 18880
Category: Post-Medieval to Modern, Lighting equipment
Category: Lighting equipment
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Candle-Ejector Handle https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/post-medieval-to-modern/lighting-equipment/candle-ejector-handle-36978.html Tue, 03 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT Lighting equipment Candle-Ejector Handle  
Description: A handle from the push-up ejector of a circa 19th century candlestick. It is of openwork trefoil design, with a small knop at the apex, and a threaded shank at the base. The shank would screw into the ejector, which fitted inside the cylindrical stem of the candlestick. The stem was slotted to allow vertical movement of the handle and ejector.

An example of a similar handle on a candlestick is shown as Image 3. It is possible that the handles also had other uses.

See also UKDFD 18880.
Category: Post-Medieval to Modern, Lighting equipment
Category: Lighting equipment
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Candle-Ejector Handle https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/post-medieval-to-modern/lighting-equipment/candle-ejector-handle-47412.html Tue, 03 Feb 2015 00:00:00 GMT Lighting equipment Candle-Ejector Handle  
Description: A handle from the push-up ejector of a circa 19th century candlestick. It is of openwork trefoil design, with a small knop at the apex, and a threaded shank at the base. The shank would screw into the ejector, which fitted inside the cylindrical stem of the candlestick. The stem was slotted to allow vertical movement of the handle and ejector.

An example of a similar handle on a candlestick is shown as Image 3. It is possible that the handles also had other uses.

See also UKDFD 36978.
Category: Post-Medieval to Modern, Lighting equipment
Category: Lighting equipment
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Candle Snuffer https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/post-medieval-to-modern/lighting-equipment/candle-snuffer-45511.html Sun, 27 Jul 2014 00:00:00 GMT Lighting equipment Candle Snuffer  
Description: A conical cast copper-alloy candle snuffer. It has a moulded rim at the base, several circumferential grooves around the body, and a dumbbell-shaped knop at the apex. A right-angled square-section arm for attaching a handle projects radially from the lower end of the cone. The arm was probably cast separately and attached by brazing or soldering.

Cf. PAS: NARC-07F531
Category: Post-Medieval to Modern, Lighting equipment
Category: Lighting equipment
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Candle Snuffer https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/post-medieval-to-modern/lighting-equipment/candle-snuffer-13765.html Wed, 28 May 2008 00:00:00 GMT Lighting equipment Candle Snuffer  
Description: A conical cast copper-alloy candle snuffer. It has a beaded rim at the base, moulded trefoils within nested chevrons on the body, and a decorative knop at the apex. A square-section arm for attaching a handle projects radially from the lower end of the cone and is bent downwards. The arm was cast separately and attached by brazing or soldering.

See also UKDFD 45511.
Category: Post-Medieval to Modern, Lighting equipment
Category: Lighting equipment
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Oil Lamp Burner https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/post-medieval-to-modern/lighting-equipment/oil-lamp-burner-29779.html Tue, 15 Feb 2011 00:00:00 GMT Lighting equipment Oil Lamp Burner  
Description: An incomplete oil lamp burner. It comprises the wick holder and a fragment of the spindle and cogs for adjustment of the wick. The burner is circular and has ornate sprung clips to hold the chimney or shade in place. The base has a screw thread for attachment to a circular collar. The centre has a sub-rectangular opening for the wick to pass through, and there are two opposing holes in the side to accomodate the spindle of the wick-winder, a fragment of which survives.

Image No.5 shows a complete oil lamp burner.

For a complete example of a wick-winder, see UKDFD 21674.
Category: Post-Medieval to Modern, Lighting equipment
Category: Lighting equipment
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Candle Snuffer https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/post-medieval-to-modern/lighting-equipment/candle-snuffer-6120.html Sat, 17 Feb 2007 00:00:00 GMT Lighting equipment Candle Snuffer  
Description: A plain, originally conical, sheet-metal candle snuffer, with a small globular knop at its apex. The handle is missing and the method by which it was attached is uncertain. The snuffer is crushed flat, as recovered.

Cf. PAS: CORN-3BDDE5 and Treasure Hunting magazine, July 2005, page 59.
Category: Post-Medieval to Modern, Lighting equipment
Category: Lighting equipment
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