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https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/templates/general_wide/img/logo.png UKDFD Recording Software https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/ Miscellaneous https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/miscellaneous.html Roman Helmet Handle https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/miscellaneous/roman-helmet-handle-3677.html Thu, 15 Jun 2006 00:00:00 GMT Miscellaneous Roman Helmet Handle  
Description: A copper-alloy carrying handle from a Roman helmet.

A zoomorphic handle with two conjoining (opposing) dolphins at the centre and helmet attachment point at each end. The handle was attached to the helmet by rings (to the neck guard). Probably from a German Niedermörmter type helmet.

The Niedermörmter Helm is a late Weisenau type helmet which dates to about 180 AD. (Landesmuseum Bonn Museum)
Category: Roman, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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Millefiori Stud https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/miscellaneous/millefiori-stud-48197.html Mon, 11 May 2015 00:00:00 GMT Miscellaneous Millefiori Stud  
Description: A Romano-British millefiori stud. The stud is circular and intricately decorated with millefiori glass enamel. Comprising a central circular cell of green enamel, surrounded by ten wedge-shaped canes, consisting of five alternating black and yellow chequerboard patterned canes, and five blue canes with a white central swirl. The outer border has multiple square chequerboard canes, also black and yellow set in a green field. On the back of the stud is an integrally cast, circular stud.

The intricately patterned 'canes' referred to are achieved by cutting thin slices from a pre-formed rod or cane.
Category: Roman, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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Military Diploma of Discharge https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/miscellaneous/military-diploma-of-discharge-11663.html Sun, 03 Feb 2008 00:00:00 GMT Miscellaneous Military Diploma of Discharge  
Description: A military diploma in the form of a double-sided inscribed bronze plaque, awarded to a soldier after serving twenty five years as a Roman auxiliary. Diplomas of this type not only marked the service of the soldier at the time of his discharge, but also granted him and his heirs Roman citizenship.

The UKDFD is grateful to Andreas Pangerl for providing the following information:
These fragments belong to a Roman military diploma issued to the auxiliary forces of the province of Britannia. Units known to have been based in Britannia such as the Cohors I Tungrorum, the III Bracaraugustanorum, and the III Lingonum, IIII Delmatarum, and V Raetorum can be identified from the photos. The text of the larger fragment also confirms towards the end SVNT IN BRITA(NNIA). The exact date of the fragment needs further investigation, but it will likely have been issued from the time of Hadrian to Commodus. In all some 30 diplomas issued for Britannia are known to date, out of ca. 1000 diplomas for all provinces, praetorian, and fleet units combined throughout the Roman Empire.
Category: Roman, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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Rotary Quern Stone https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/miscellaneous/rotary-quern-stone-18207.html Sat, 21 Mar 2009 00:00:00 GMT Miscellaneous Rotary Quern Stone  
Description: Rotary quern stone made from puddingstone and probably dating to the Romano-British period.

270mm x 240mm across, maximum 80 mm high. The hole is 40 mm at the surface, descreasing to 20 mm in centre.

Sub-circular in plan, bi-convex in section (the underside more shallow), with a conical perforation situated toward the centre. This is the upper half of the quern - it would have rotated atop a further (discoidal) stone with a complimentary section. The more steeply convex surface may show evidence for slots/raised portions that would have aided the grinding process.

Possibly from Hertfordshire puddingstone

Roman military units were often equipped with small querns of similar type. Finder comments:

"Found on a field with early and late Roman activity (1st-2nd and late 3rd-4th)".

By 150 BC, Rome had formed the first Baker's Guild. This Baker's Guild, the Collegium Pistorum, was unusual for its time. The bakers were the only Roman craftsmen who were freemen - all other trades were carried out by slaves. However, the bakers and their children were not allowed to withdraw from the guild, or to persue other professions. They were also prohibited from mixing with comedians and gladiators and from attending performances at amphitheatres to prevent them from being corrupted by plebeian vice. This strictly regimented policy reflects the importance that the Roman ruling classes attached to the production of an unadulterated supply of bread within the Empire.
Category: Roman, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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Chatelaine https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/miscellaneous/chatelaine-26338.html Thu, 12 Aug 2010 00:00:00 GMT Miscellaneous Chatelaine  
Description: An enamelled copper-alloy chatelaine of the Roman period. It has a crescentic body and a transverse suspension loop with a triple-collared base. At the horns of the crescent there are two aligned lugs that would have held a bar for suspending cosmetic implements. The enamelled area on the front of the chatelaine consists of a crescentic recess containing a zigzag of six conjoined elliptical rings arranged symmetrically. The rings and the surrounding area would both originally have contained enamel, but only a few traces of red survive.
Category: Roman, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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Bead https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/miscellaneous/bead-34314.html Mon, 24 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT Miscellaneous Bead  
Description: A biconical copper-alloy bead. It is possibly of late Iron Age or Roman date, but beads of similar form are known from the Bronze Age to the post-Roman period. The finder notes that this artefact was found on a predominantly Roman site.
Category: Roman, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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Roman Needle https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/miscellaneous/roman-needle-35565.html Thu, 12 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT Miscellaneous Roman Needle  
Description: A cast copper-alloy needle from the Roman period. The shaft is bent approximately halfway along it's length, oval in section towards the head, round in section towards the point. The head is flattened with a sub-rectangular eye, an incised groove extends above and below the eye on both faces.
Category: Roman, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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Vessel Handle https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/miscellaneous/vessel-handle-37921.html Thu, 21 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT Miscellaneous Vessel Handle  
Description: The upper terminal of a vessel handle (probably). The terminal is of hollow construction in the form of a feline head, with open jaw and pinned back ears. A silver inlay survives in one of the eyes, a circular cell forms the pupil. Linear grooves on the neck and cheeks depict the whiskers, remnants of an undetermined inlay survive in the grooves.
Category: Roman, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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Needle https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/miscellaneous/needle-41190.html Tue, 09 Apr 2013 00:00:00 GMT Miscellaneous Needle  
Description: A copper-alloy needle of the Roman period. It has an oval section shaft which tapers gradually to a blunt point. The head is flattened and has a large circular 'eye'. One side of the shaft has a tapering groove from just below the 'eye' to near the tip. It is uncertain whether the groove is decorative or functional.
Category: Roman, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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Vessel Leg https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/v46/artefact/roman/miscellaneous/vessel-leg-42058.html Mon, 01 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT Miscellaneous Vessel Leg  
Description: A tripod vessel leg of the middle to late Roman period cast the form of a stylised griffin. The artefact comprises the head of a bird of prey, and below, a lion's paw base. The bird's head has a pronounced hooked beak, upwardly curved ears and lentoid eyes. Behind the head are two flat projections (one incomplete) which are pierced for attachment to the vessel and likely represent the griffin's wings. The central bow-shaped element arches forward and is decorated with a moulded trilobate leaf at the junction of the leg, which is indented with oblique lines. The leg terminates in a lion's paw, and the whole object is further decorated with multiple punched dots.
Category: Roman, Miscellaneous
Category: Miscellaneous
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